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UDC 911:627.533.2(477.82)                                                                   https://doi.org/10.17721/2308-135X.2020.58.66-72

Melnik Oleg Vladimirovich Volyn Lesya Ukrainka National University, Lutsk, Ukraine, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Melniichuk Mikhailo Mikhailovich,

Candidate of Geographical Sciences, Associate Professor Volyn Lesya Ukrainka National University, Lutsk, Ukraine


Aim. The aim of the study is to analyze the retrospective of the development of Ivanychi district as a significant factor influencing the state of the environment.

Method. The scientific work used such methods of geographical research as: historical, comparative-geographical, cartographic, mathematical, observation, generalization, analysis and synthesis. Using the statistical method, the indicators of different development of the territory of Ivanychi district by types of nature management are calculated. The method of geoinformation modeling allowed to build maps of grouping of settlements of the district according to historical mentions and significance in the settlement retrospective.

Results. An ecological and geographical assessment of the historical stages of development of the territory of Ivanychi district of Volyn region by types of nature management in one or another epoch of human civilization development has been carried out. It is noted that during this time the basis of the economic complex of the district were agriculture and various industries using natural raw materials. The structure of management on the territory of the region underwent a radical change in the post-war period of the twentieth century, when coal mining deposits of the Lviv-Volyn coal basin were put into operation. The negative impact on the environment from economic activity in the area, the types of which together exert a strong man-made pressure on all components of the geographical shell.

The scientific novelty lies in the ecological and geographical determination of the magnitude of the impact of economic nature in the Ivanychi district of Volyn region on the environment and the analysis of the formation of the settlement structure during the historical retrospective.

Practical importance. The results of the research can be used in the educational process of VSU named after Lesya Ukrainka in teaching geographical, economic and tourism disciplines. The results will find their application in the legislative and executive work of local governments in the development of programs of socio-economic development of territorial communities. The materials of the research will promote the rational use of anthropogenic resources and objects of social and household services in Volyn, which will allow to qualitatively influence the course of administrative reform. A number of provisions can be used in similar studies of the regions of Ukraine.

Keywords: nature management, territorial community, district, resources.


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