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Середа, 10 лютого 2021 16:55

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UDC: 504.055         https://doi.org/10.17721/2308-135X.2020.55.43-49

Babayeva Ulker Allahyar, Lankaran State University, Lankaran, Azerbaijan

 

ECO-GEOGRAPHICAL PROBLEMS CAUSED BY ROAD TRANSPORT IN LANKARAN PHYSICO-GEOGRAPHICAL REGION OF THE REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN AND WAYS OF THEIR SOLUTION

 

Purpose. In modern times, environmental security remains a global problem. One of the main negative effects of people on the environment is related to road transport. Anthropogenic pollution of the environment is undoubtedly due to the increase in the number of vehicles. As it is known, due to the activities of various types of transport, large amounts of toxic gases are released into the atmosphere every day, which is a high man-made impact on the environment, posing a serious threat to human health. It is very important to carry out eco-geographical studies to assess the damage caused by road transport to the environment and its individual components. The article investigates the existing and possible damages caused by road transport to the environment and human health in the Lankaran physico-geographical region of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

Methods. Comparative approach, statistical analysis, field research, systematic analysis, and cartographic (GIS) method have been used during the study.

Results. The article describes the current state of the International North-South Transport Corridor, the technical characteristics of the highways, the number of vehicles, the amount of harmful substances emitted by them, noise intensity, etc. based on the statistical and fieldwork materials. Based upon the information obtained, the Lankaran physico-geographical region's road map has been developed, the length of the international, local, and land roads and their area size are provided in percentage, and the areas with a denser road transport network are grouped according to their sensitivity.

Scientific novelty. A map of the territorial organisation and density of road transport in Lankaran physical-geographical region has been compiled, the amount of pollutants emitted into the environment by road transport has been determined, and ways to prevent them have been provided.

The practical significance. The obtained results can be used to increase the quality of work done for improving the environmental situation in Lankaran physical-geographical region.

Keywords: Azerbaijan, Lankaran, road transport, eco-geographical problems, environment, noise, destibel (dB).

References

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Надійшла до редколегії /Received Editorial Board  26.05.2020


Останнє оновлення на Четвер, 14 липня 2022 16:28